5. Brave New World by Aldus Huxley: Soma
Huxley paints a dystopic society perpetually popping the pill soma in his novel, Brave New World. Soma is a sort of catch-all drug. It alleviates pain, anger, discomfort sadness all while it encourages arousal and joy, sort of like an opiate. The user feels a sense of euphoric well-being from taking the drug.
In the story, the government actually provides its citizens with soma, and they gobble it up, worshipping its effects, hooked on being drug-induced happy. In fact, the book mentions soma has “all the advantages of Christianity and alcohol; none of their defects.”