Colombia: Peace Talks Resume—As War Escalates

Since Colombia’s FARC guerillas called off their unilateral ceasefire following a military air-strike last month, peace talks with the government have resumed in Havana. As the new phase of talks opened May 25, FARC leaders appealed to the government to instate a bilateral ceasefire. But the very next day, government forces carried out a mixed land and air assault on a camp of the FARC’s 18th Front along the Río Chimirindó, in Riosucio municipality, in the Pacific coastal region of Chocó—leaving 41 guerillas dead. Among the dead was the 18th Front’s commander, Román Ruiz, authorities said. The day after that, Colombia’s air force carried out a new bombardment, targeting the 4th Front of the FARC’s Magdalena Medio Bloc at the hamlet of Alto la Cruz, Segovia municipality, in the inland region of Antioquia. Ten guerillas were killed in the air-strikes—which came as the climax of a three-day operation in the area that authorities said left 36 guerillas dead.

The FARC meanwhile revealed that among the 26 killed in the May 22 air-strike in Cauca region that ended the ceasefire was Jairo Martínez, a guerilla leader who had actually taken part in the Havana talks.

As a good-will gesture, President Juan Manuel Santos did announce that guerillas slain in combat would no longer be buried as “NN” (ningún nombre, or “no name”), but efforts would instead be made to identify them and have the remains turned over to their families for burial. But this is a far cry from answering the FARC’s call for a bilateral ceasefire.

Shedding light on the continuing roots of the conflict, the New York Times on June 2 followed up on the Colombian government’s encouraging decision to halt the US-led program of glyphosate-spraying to wipe out coca crops. The report finds that even in the area known as La Macarena (in the eastern Andean foothills of Meta region) which the government had made a showcase of alternative methods to combat coca cultivation, the program has fallen short of expectations. Aid has been provided to encourage “substitution crops” like cacao, corn and plantains. But, eight years after the Macarena program began, promised roads and electrification have still not been delivered—leaving the region in squalor and isolation. Exactly the conditions that led local campesinos to turn to coca-growing and to support the FARC in the first place.
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