To legalize or not to legalize? That is the question on the minds of many Michiganders this election season. Michigan voters are set to decide on a recreational marijuana ballot proposal on November 6.
Michigan and North Dakota will both vote on initiatives to legalize the adult use of marijuana during this midterm election. Utah and Missouri residents also will have the opportunity to vote on referendums for medical cannabis.
Josh Hovey, communications director for Coalition to Regulate Marijuana Like Alcohol, the main group backing the proposal, says Michigan’s Proposal 1 will bring two primary benefits to the state: Stop wasting law enforcement resources enforcing what his group says is a failed law, and and increasing revenue for some of the state’s most important needs, through taxing and regulating marijuana.
“We arrest more than 20,000 people every year for marijuana possession in Michigan, and 70 percent of those arrests are for a quarter ounce or less,” Hovey said. “Michigan spent $90 million enforcing marijuana possession in 2010 alone. This is an incredible waste of our tax dollars that could otherwise be used toward other priorities — especially when you consider that marijuana is less harmful and less addictive than alcohol or tobacco and has legitimate medicinal value. And when you look at arrest rates, minorities in Michigan are 2.5 times more likely to be targeted. So legalization will also ensure minorities communities are no longer unfairly caught in the criminal justice system and denied opportunities that are no longer available due to having an arrest record.
Since Michigan voters adopted a medical marijuana referendum in 2008, the state’s marijuana industry has grown, but not without a fight.
The Senate Fiscal Agency is estimating $287 million in annual tax revenue by 2023, Hovey said, adding that the extra funds will be divided between roads, schools and local governments where marijuana businesses are allowed to operate.
The Michigan ballot proposal language for “Proposal 1: The Michigan Regulation and Taxation of Marihuana Act,” is as follows:
- Allow individuals age 21 and older to purchase, possess and use marijuana and marijuana infused edibles, and grow up to 12 marijuana plants for personal consumption.
- Impose a 10-ounce limit for marijuana kept at residences and require that amounts over 2.5 ounces be secured in locked containers.
- Create a state licensing system for marijuana businesses including growers, processors, transporters, and retailers.
- Allow municipalities to ban or restrict marijuana businesses.
- Permit commercial sales of marijuana and marijuana-infused edibles through state-licensed retailers, subject to a new 10% tax earmarked for schools, roads, and municipalities where marijuana businesses are located.
- Change several current violations from crimes to civil infractions.”
A recent poll conducted for the Detroit Free Press shows the ballot initiative in considerably favorable standards, however there is opposition.
Since Michigan voters adopted a medical marijuana referendum in 2008, the state’s marijuana industry has grown, but not without a fight. Legislators and private groups have tried to limit the scope of medical marijuana, from authorized raids on legal medical dispensaries, to re-zoning efforts, and forcing dispensaries to re-brand as “provisioning centers” which one dispensary owner says cost him nearly $25,000 which he had to come up with during a short window in order to continue operating.
Two groups that have been most vocal about their opposition to the ballot initiative are Healthy and Productive Michigan (HPM) and the national group Smart Approaches to Marijuana (SAM). Neither group responded to High Times‘ interview requests. However, HPM’s website has a section dedicated to questions that it hopes voters ask themselves before heading to the polls, including potential health concerns, public safety, cost to law enforcement and a rise in homelessness. HPM considers the ballot initiative to “aggressively advance an agenda without easy citizen regulation” and states it will have “unforeseen consequences for Michigan businesses and the economy.”
Hovey says the ballot initiative could have a huge social impact in impoverished and underrepresented communities.
Detroiter Ryan Harroun says he was skeptical at first about a ballot initiative to legalize recreational marijuana, saying he would like to see a full government deregulation of marijuana and the release of people incarcerated for cannabis-related offenses. He also says he’s concerned that the plant could become another pawn of big business.
“The marijuana proposal now, as is, is okay,” Harroun said. “It’s easy to get a medical marijuana card now, but you have to pay out some cash to a doctor and a little over a hundred to the state. So the new proposal eliminates that requirement. Anyone can go to a weed store if this passes. That’s pretty great. But they want to regulate it as a high value crop, instead of letting it be a plant, a medicinal herb. I’m for the proposal because it means less crime, and maybe this is a bridge to the future of deregulation.”
Harroun says he doesn’t think keeping drugs illegal is curbing their use at all.
“I don’t think anything would change except maybe there would be less shame, and it would be easier to get help with addiction,” he said.
If this proposal is adopted by voters, the law will not affect individual certified growers, known legally as “caregivers.”
“Proposal 1 does not change the state’s 2008 caregiver law, so those who want to continue using that model will have the freedom to do so,” Hovey said. “This initiative was also intentionally written to be small business friendly. We are the only state initiative that will have a “microgrower’ license where someone could have 150 plants and process and sell products from a single license, similarly to how microdistilleries and brewpubs operate in Michigan.”
If recreational marijuana gets the green light in Michigan, all cannabis products would come from licensed businesses that are regulated by the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA).
“LARA will be responsible for ensuring quality control standards, packaging and labeling requirements and ensuring that businesses are not marketing to kids,” Hovey said.
Hovey says the ballot initiative could have a huge social impact in impoverished and underrepresented communities and specifically directs LARA to develop “a plan to promote and encourage participation in the marijuana industry by people from communities that have been disproportionately impacted by marijuana prohibition and enforcement, and to positively impact those communities.”